Create opportunities for intellectual risk – “Challenge them,” with tasks that are still achievable.
Provide a safe and secure environment – failure without penalty.
Create personal learning profiles that identify strengths and weakness. Build off of strengths when possible
Foster a student’s self-belief in their ability to perform well and achieve a level of competence
Scaffold and model projects to teach students how to break down problems into manageable steps
Offer choices in the learning process to increase a sense of ownership
Offer open-ended activities to develop creativity – using a degree of ambiguity on occasion
Develop a level of autonomy – Internal locus of control to empower students to take ownership
Reinforce the required strategies needed for different types of learning
Teach a variety of organizational techniques used for learning effectively
Create assignments with leveled curricular outcomes and/or
Allow for flexible pace through unit material – allowing students to move on when knowledge is achieved
Foster self-reflective practice. Teach students to evaluate themselves
Use competition as a tool to have students compete against their own performance – lose with dignity to motivate future improvement.
Establish relevance for learning by connecting skills and understands to real world applications
Use rewards & punishment with caution
Diagnose and understand attention seeking behaviors in class
Manage student perfectionism, if present, to ensure that the appropriate learning targets are managed appropriately.
Understand the human need to connect to others. Avoid power struggles or any compromise to a students social status in the classroom
Balance individual learning opportunities with collaborative studies. Understand that a quiet student may be more engaged than a verbal student.
Use technology as a tool to enhance student progress, provide feedback and allow for differentiated pace in learning.
Allow students to explore different learning modalities, kinesthetic, visual, interpersonal, intrapersonal, musical, or naturalist.
The Underachievement Syndrome, Causes & Cures. by Sylvia Rimm (1986)
Building Motivation - http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/more.shtml
Self Determination Theory http://selfdeterminationtheory.org/theory/